4. After I pressed Return, my horizon line was level! But now I had all this white space around my picture. And, as you can see, part of the original was now cropped out.
5. When you know that you'll need the Crop tool to crop out the white areas of an image, don't fill the frame with the main subject when composing. In other words, don't shoot as tight as you normally would.
6. In all landscape and seascape photography, having a level horizon line is a must. As an aside, you can also use the Straighten tool in Adobe Camera Raw to straighten the horizon line.
7&8. When making these adjustments, I created Adjustment Layers, rather than making the adjustments directly on the image. Adjustment layers are less destructive to an image. What's more, if you save your file as a TIFF or PSD file, you can go back at a later date and change your mind about the adjustment.
Rick Sammon is the author of 23 books and the host of 20 photography programs on cable and satellite television. Recently, Sammon developed a series of 25 Adobe Photoshop Elements 3-Minute Digital MakeOvers. Visit www.ricksammon.com."