Top Photoshop Techniques
Improve your image-editing skills with these typical adjustments for popular subjects
5. Choose the Brush tool in the toolbar and select a soft-edged brush. Set the brush opacity to 30% to 40%. Choose a size that will allow you to navigate around the face, but still avoid applying the filter effect to the eyes and lips. You want to keep these areas sharp.
6. With the mask selected and active, carefully paint around the forehead, cheeks and chin. You'll see a softening of the skin tone, which will eliminate blemishes and soften the appearance of age lines or crow's feet; this will also reduce glare. If you wish to check whether there have been areas in the mask that you've failed to paint, click on the mask while depressing the Alt/Option key to see where you have and haven't painted.
7. To remove the effect from an area you've accidentally painted, click X on your keyboard to switch the foreground/background color. You can then paint the mask with black to block the effect and then click X again to return to the white paintbrush. If the filter effect is too strong, you can reduce its effect by adjusting the opacity layer until you're satisfied with your subject's appearance.
By Ibarionex R. Perello
When photographing architecture, you'll frequently have to contend with perspective distortion. You'll see this when taking a picture of a tall building, where the building's vertical lines appear to converge. This optical distortion becomes more pronounced the taller the structure and the closer you are to its base.
1. After opening an image, choose the Crop tool from the Tools palette.
2. Starting from the upper-most corner of your image, drag the Crop tool to the opposing corner and release the mouse button. A bounding box of marching ants will appear.
3. The Tools option bar now shows a Perspective check box. Click once to make a check mark appear.
4. While holding down the Shift key, grab the left-center handle of the bounding box and bring it in until it's parallel to a vertical line. Do the same for the right-center handle.
5. While still maintaining pressure on the Shift key, go to the upper-left handle and move it horizontally until the left side of the crop-bounding box is parallel to the vertical line. Do the same for the right side. Release the Shift key.
6. Click on the center handles on the left- and right-hand sides of the crop-bounding box and pull it back until it encompasses your original image. Some of the image will be cropped off.
7. Double-click within the crop-bounding box and the image will be cropped and corrected for perspective.
8. To correct the vertical compression of the image, create a duplicate layer by double-clicking on the background layer.
9. Expand the canvas (Image > Canvas Size) by two inches or more. Click on the bottom arrow in the layout dialog box to limit the canvas increase to the top of the image.
10. Go to Edit > Transform > Scale and use the top-center handle to stretch the image until you achieve the natural height of your subject. Double-click to apply the effect and use the Crop tool to crop out what's left of the expanded canvas.